Pharm Res. 2009 Feb;26(2):263-75
Authors: Yao Y, Wang C, Varshney RR, Wang DA
The use of antisense strategies such as ribozymes, oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) in gene therapy, in conjunction with the use of stem cells and tissue engineering, has opened up possibilities in curing degenerative diseases and injuries to non-regenerating organs and tissues. With their unique ability to down-regulate or silence gene expression, antisense oligonucleotides are uniquely suited in turning down the production of pathogenic or undesirable proteins and cytokines. Here, we review the antisense strategies and their applications in regenerative medicine with a focus on their efficacies in promoting cell viability, regulating cell functionalities as well as shaping an optimal microenvironment for therapeutic purposes.
PMID: 19015958 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]