7. Cell Signal. 2008 Dec;20(12):2174-9. Epub 2008 Jun 19.
Cell signaling in interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome.
Keay S. Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine and Veterans Administration Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore, Maryland, United States. email@example.com
Evidence for several types of cell signaling abnormalities has been presented for patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS), a poorly understood chronic painful bladder disorder for which currently there is no reliable effective therapy. Increases or decreases in various urine cytokines and growth factors have been found in patient specimens, along with abnormal expression of epithelial differentiation markers, growth factors, cell membrane proteins, neurotransmitters, and other cytokines in tissue biopsies and/or explanted bladder cells from IC/PBS patients. Some of the abnormalities found in bladder epithelial cells from IC/PBS patients have been shown to be induced in normal cells by an antiproliferative factor from IC/PBS bladder epithelial cells that binds to a functional cell membrane receptor (CKAP4/p63). Greater understanding of cell signaling events associate with this debilitating disorder may lead to the development of more effective therapies.
PMID: 18602988 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]