Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy: a role for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation?

By October 30, 2012CIDP Library

Autoimmunity. 2008 Dec;41(8):611-5.

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy: a role for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation?

Kazmi MA, Mahdi-Rogers M, Sanvito L.

Source

Department of Haematology, Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, Guy’s Hospital, London, UK. Majid.kazmi@gstt.nhs.uk

Abstract

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is a clinical syndrome of a chronic progressive or relapsing and remitting, symmetrical, sensory and motor radiculoneuropathy. The immune reaction in CIDP is characterised by selective inflammation of peripheral nerves and is probably due to the interaction of cellular and humoral responses. Only three treatments for CIDP have demonstrated benefit in randomised studies, corticosteroids, plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin. 25% of patients fail to respond or do not respond adequately to these treatments. Experimental data in animal models have shown that several autoimmune disorders, either congenital or acquired, can be transferred and/or treated by the transplantation of bone marrow stem cells. Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been performed with varying success in over 700 patients with autoimmune disorders throughout Europe. The experience in CIDP is very limited. This article will review current understanding of CIDP and experience of the use of HSCT in refractory CIDP.

PMID: 18958756 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]