Damaged Penile Cavernous (SMCs)

19(4):378-85. Epub 2007 Apr 26.
Potential differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cell transplanted in rat corpus cavernosumn toward endothelial or smooth muscle cells.
Song YS, Lee HJ, Park IH, Kim WK, Ku JH, Kim SU.

Abstract
One of the causes of erectile dysfunction (ED) is the damaged penile cavernous smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and sinus endothelial cells (ECs). To investigate the feasibility of applying immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to penile cavernous ECs or SMCs repair in the treatment of ED, the in vivo potential differentiation of the immortalized human MSCs toward penile cavernous endothelial or smooth muscle was investigated. One clone of immortalized human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell line B10 cells via retroviral vector encoding v-myc were transplanted into the cavernosum of the Sprague-Dawley rats and harvested 2 weeks later. The expression of CD31, von Willebrand factor (vWF), smooth muscle cell actin (SMA), calponin and desmin was determined immunohistochemically in rat penile cavernosum. Multipotency of B10 to adipogenic, osteogenic or chondrogenic differentiation was found. Expression of EC specific markers (CD31 or vWF protein) and expression of SMC specific markers (calponin, SMA or desmin protein) were demonstrated in grafted B10 cells. When human MSCs were transplanted into the penile cavernosum, they have the potential to differentiate toward ECs or SMCs. Human MSCs may be a good candidate in the treatment of penile cavernosum injury.

PMID: 17460699 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]