Lipoteichoic acid enhances IL-6 production in human synovial fibroblasts via TLR2 receptor, PKCdelta and c-Src dependent pathways.

Biochem Pharmacol. 2010 Jun 1;79(11):1648-57
Authors: Tang CH, Hsu CJ, Yang WH, Fong YC

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk of developing infections and appear to be particularly susceptible to septic arthritis. Lipoteichoic acid (LTA), a cell wall component of Gram-positive bacteria is an amphiphilic, negatively charged glycolipid. However, the effects of LTA on human synovial fibroblasts are largely unknown. We investigated the signaling pathway involved in IL-6 production stimulated by LTA in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASF). LTA caused concentration- and time-dependent increases in IL-6 production. LTA-mediated IL-6 production was attenuated by Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) monoclonal antibody or siRNA. Pretreatment with PKCdelta inhibitor (rottlerin), c-Src inhibitor (PP2), AP-1 inhibitor (tanshinone IIA) and NF-kappaB inhibitor (PDTC and TPCK) also inhibited the potentiating action of LTA. However, focal adhesion kinase (FAK) mutant and siRNA did not affect LTA-mediated IL-6 production. Stimulation of cells with LTA increased the PKCdelta and c-Src phosphorylation and kinase activity. LTA increased the accumulation of p-c-Jun and p-p65 in the nucleus, as well as AP-1 and NF-kappaB luciferase activity. LTA-mediated increase of AP-1 and NF-kappaB luciferase activity was inhibited by rottlerin and PP2 or TLR2 and PKCdelta siRNA or c-Src mutant. Our results suggest that LTA-increased IL-6 production in human synovial fibroblasts via the TLR2 receptor, PKCdelta, c-Src, AP-1 and NF-kappaB signaling pathways.
PMID: 20109438 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]