J Gene Med. 2010 Feb;12(2):219-27
Authors: Honjo K, Takahashi KA, Mazda O, Kishida T, Shinya M, Tokunaga D, Arai Y, Inoue A, Hiraoka N, Imanishi J, Kubo T
BACKGROUND: Drug resistance mediated by P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the major reasons for the failure of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) therapy with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and glucocorticoids. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the in vitro effectiveness of small interfering RNA (siRNA) to render rat fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) susceptible to drugs. We also attempted the electroporation-mediated transfer of siRNA against multidrug resistance (MDR) genes into rat knee joints. METHODS: FLS were transfected with siRNAs corresponding to MDR1a and MDR1b genes. FLS were treated with dexamethasone (DEX) and lipopolysaccharide. The mRNA and protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1beta were measured. Both siRNAs were co-transduced into rat knee joints by an electroporation method and evaluated the target gene expressions in the synovium. RESULTS: Each siRNA could sequence-specifically reduce the target gene expression by over 70% and effectively suppressed P-gp expression and function in the FLS. Both gene expression and protein production of the inflammatory cytokines in the cells transfected with siRNA were reduced by a greater amount compared to in control cells. The in vivo electroporation-mediated transduction of siRNA could significantly inhibit the target gene expressions. CONCLUSIONS: MDR1a/1b gene silencing by siRNA could effectively inhibit P-gp in rat FLS, resulting in a significant enhancement of the anti-inflammatory effects of DEX. The in vivo siRNA transduction could successfully silence MDR gene expression in the rat synovium. These findings indicate that the siRNA targeting MDR gene could be a useful tool for treating refractory arthritis in RA.
PMID: 19950109 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]