Parkinson’s disease and stem cells.

2011 Jan; 1812(1) : 1-11. Epub 2010 Aug 14.
Stem cell potential in Parkinson’s disease and molecular factors for the generation of dopamine neurons.
Kim HJ.

Abstract
Parkinson’s disease (PD) involves the loss of dopamine (DA) neurons, making it the most expected neurodegenerative disease to be treated by cell replacement therapy. Stem cells are a promising source for cell replacement therapy due to their ability to self-renew and their pluripotency/multipotency that allows them to generate various types of cells. However, it is challenging to derive midbrain DA neurons from stem cells. Thus, in this review, I will discuss the molecular factors that are known to play critical roles in the generation and survival of DA neurons. The developmental process of DA neurons and functions of extrinsic soluble factors and homeodomain proteins, forkhead box proteins, proneural genes, Nurr1 and genes involved in epigenetic control are discussed. In addition, different types of stem cells that have potential for future cell replacement therapy are reviewed.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID: 20713152 [PubMed – in process]