How Stem Cell Therapy Works

BONE MARROW VS. FAT DERIVED STEM CELLS. IS THERE A CONTROVERSY?

Whether your adult mesenchymal stem cells come from bone marrow or from fat probably does not make a difference in terms of clinical results. Although some centers claim that bone marrow derived cells are superior to fat derived cells, there is no evidence to substantiate that.

The fact that there are many more studies on bone marrow cells does not prove clinical superiority but merely supports the obvious fact that fat derived cells are based on more recent discoveries and although evidence is accumulating, there are far fewer studies using these cells. It is important that one is not mislead by the word “bone” in bone marrow, possible implying that since this is an “orthopedic source” it “might be better” for treating orthopedic conditions such as cartilage regeneration. In fact, the bone marrow is part of the reticulo-endothelial system and just happens to be found in the center of bone.

All of these types of cells are equally primitive and have the potential to differentiate into mature functional tissues. For many disease types such as cardiac pathology, adipose derived cells appear to be showing superiority to bone marrow derived cells. This may be related to the well documented qualitative and quantitative attrition in bone marrow stem cell counts related to age and chronic illness (chronic disease causes bone marrow suppression). Such changes in the number of cells over time and the quality of cells dependent on health have not been seen in fat derived stem cells. Fat derived cells are a natural choice for our investigational work considering their easy and rapid availability in extremely high numbers.

 

Stem Cell Regenerative Therapy Process
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Step 1: Meet and Greet
You have made an important decision to have a stem cell deployment. It’s exciting that these tools are now available for therapeutic use. Stem cell therapy with your own stem cells may very well be the next significant advance in medicine.
Step 2: Local Anesthesia & Harvesting Fat
Patients have their fat harvested in our special sterile facility under a local anesthetic. The procedure lasts approximately twenty minutes, using specially designed equipment to harvest less than 50cc of fat.
Step 3: Preparation
After harvesting the fat cells, the next step is to isolate the cells. This is accomplished by separating the fat cells and stem cells. The process used by Gulf Coast Stem Cell & Regenerative Medicine Center yields extremely high numbers of stem cells.

Step 4: Deployment

Depending on the type of deployment required, stem cells can be injected through veins, arteries, into spinal fluid, subcutaneously, or directly into joints or organs. All of these are considered minimally invasive methods of introducing the stem cells. In the right environment, these stem cells can change (differentiate) into bone, cartilage, muscle, fat, collagen, neural tissue, blood vessels, and even some organs. Because it is your own DNA material, there is no rejection. The whole process takes less than three hours.

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