Characterization of in vitro expanded bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells from patients with multiple sclerosis.

2010 Aug; 16(8) : 909-18
Characterization of in vitro expanded bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells from patients with multiple sclerosis.

Mallam E, Kemp K, Wilkins A, Rice C, Scolding N

Abstract
Recent studies have investigated the potential of autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a therapy for multiple sclerosis. Whether MSCs from individuals with multiple sclerosis are functionally and/or phenotypically abnormal has received less attention. Through our Phase I clinical trial, SIAMMS, we were able to isolate and characterize MSCs from individuals with multiple sclerosis. The objective of the study was to demonstrate that MSCs from individuals with multiple sclerosis show no significant differences from MSCs derived from individuals without multiple sclerosis. MSCs were isolated from bone marrow aspirates from four SIAMMS participants. We were also able to isolate MSCs from bone marrow obtained during a total hip replacement operation on an individual with multiple sclerosis. Control MSCs were isolated from bone marrow acquired during total hip replacement operations on five individuals without MS. MSCs were characterized using standard criteria: plastic adherence, differentiation along adipogenic/osteogenic/chondrogenic lineages, and expression of specific cell surface antigens. We also determined their proliferation potential. MSCs from individuals with multiple sclerosis and individuals without multiple sclerosis were similar in proliferation, differentiation potential and cell surface antigen expression. This has relevance to scientific studies investigating the therapeutic potential of autologous MSCs which primarily utilize MSCs from individuals without multiple sclerosis, and relevance to clinical studies extrapolating from these scientific findings.

PMID: 20542920 [PubMed – in process]